Can I Expense a New Roof on Commercial Property?

Can I Expense a New Roof on Commercial Property

Can I Expense a New Roof on Commercial Property? Yes, commercial property owners can expense a new roof. 

Thanks to Section 179 of the U.S. tax code, the cost of certain property improvements, including commercial roofs, can be deducted as an expense when the property is put to use. 

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) further enables building owners to deduct up to 100% of the cost of roof repairs or replacements in the year the work is completed. 

The deduction is constrained by the business’s net income for the year, and professional advice is recommended for compliance with tax laws.

Key Takeaways

Key TakeawaysDetails
Tax Code ChangesUnder Section 179 of the IRS tax code, commercial property owners can now fully expense the cost of a new roof in the year it is installed, with a cap of $1 million.
Immediate Expense BenefitsThis change allows immediate expensing instead of depreciating costs over multiple years, aiding financial planning and tax savings.
Eligible Roofing ExpensesThe provision covers a variety of roofing-related expenses, including repairs, waterproofing, and full reroofing projects for non-residential facilities.
Real-World ImpactThe new tax law simplifies accounting processes and offers significant financial benefits, allowing businesses to deduct up to 100% of roofing costs in the year of completion.
Professional Consultation RecommendedGiven the complexities of tax laws, property owners should consult with a tax professional to ensure compliance and maximize benefits.

Section 179 of the IRS Tax Code and Its Impact

Section 179 of the IRS tax code has significantly changed, benefiting commercial property owners. Previously, costs associated with roofing improvements had to be depreciated over several years. 

The full cost of a new commercial roof can be expensed in the year it is purchased, up to a cap of $1 million. This development simplifies accounting processes and provides immediate financial benefits to business owners.

The Benefits for Business Owners

The immediate expensing of a new roof, instead of depreciating it over multiple years, offers tangible benefits. This change in the tax law streamlines accounting practices and aids in financial planning. 

For instance, a business owner who opts for a roof replacement can now immediately deduct the expense, thereby reducing the taxable income for that year. 

This shift is not just a paperwork reduction but a significant financial advantage.

What Roofing Expenses are Covered?

Under the new tax code, various roofing-related expenses qualify for immediate expensing. This includes full reroofing projects and smaller repairs and waterproofing efforts for non-residential facilities. 

Property owners need to understand what types of improvements are covered. For example, integrating solar panels on metal roofs could also be considered under this provision, provided it’s part of the roofing project.

Other building upgrades are also included in Section 179 such as:

  • New business equipment
  • Office furniture
  • Property additions
  • HVAC systems

Case Studies and Real-World Implications

The impact of this tax change on business taxpayers is significant. For example, a company undertaking a major roofing project, such as installing a metal roof optimal for solar panel installation, could receive a substantial one-time deduction in the same year the roof is used.

Previously, businesses could use bonus depreciation for capital expenses, but the new law simplifies and enhances the benefits.


Expensing a new roof on a commercial property has become more straightforward and financially advantageous due to changes in the IRS tax code. 

The ability to immediately expense these costs up to a substantial limit aids in efficient financial planning and reduces the burden of long-term depreciation. 

Property owners should consult with tax professionals to ensure they fully comply with the law and maximize their benefits. 

For further insights into commercial property maintenance, exploring why commercial buildings have flat roofs or the basics of commercial roofing can be enlightening.

In conclusion, the revised tax laws offer a significant incentive for commercial property owners to invest in their properties, knowing that the expenses incurred can be effectively managed and immediately beneficial from a tax perspective.

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